Optical and structural properties of biological tissues under diabetes mellitus

Daria K. Tuchina (Login required)
Saratov State University, Russia
Tomsk State University, Russia

Valery V. Tuchin
Saratov State University, Russia
Samara National Research University, Russia
Laboratory of Laser Diagnostics of Technical and Living Systems, Institute of Precision Mechanics and Control, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia


Paper #3284 received 14 Mar 2018; revised manuscript received 16 May 2018; accepted for publication 11 Jun 2018; published online 29 Jun 2018.

DOI: 10.18287/JBPE18.04.020201

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a serious social and economic problem of modern society because it is widespread and fraught with numerous complications. Therefore, it is necessary to search for new methods of diabetes mellitus diagnostics and treatment and to improve the existing ones, which, in turn, requires thorough investigation of the disease development mechanisms, as well as elaboration of simple and reliable methods and criteria for detecting the complication precursors. In connection with the solution of these problems, in the paper we present an analytical review of recent publications devoted to the study of the changes of structural and optical properties of biological tissues under the conditions of diabetes mellitus development using in vitro models of glycated tissues, in vivo experimental models of diabetes in laboratory animals, and clinical studies.

Keywords

diabetes mellitus; protein glycation; tissues; skin; myocardium; cardiovascular system; optical properties; diffusion of metabolites

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