Interaction of erythrocytes in the process of pair aggregation in blood samples from patients with arterial hypertension and healthy donors: measurements with laser tweezers

Petr B. Ermolinskiy (Login required)
Department of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Andrei E. Lugovtsov
Department of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
International Laser Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Anastasiya I. Maslyanitsina
Department of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Alexey N. Semenov
Department of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
International Laser Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Larisa I. Dyachuk
Medical Research and Education Center of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Alexander V. Priezzhev
Department of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
International Laser Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia


Paper #3298 received 31 Aug 2018; revised manuscript received 16 Sep 2018; accepted for publication 19 Sep 2018; published online 30 Sep 2018.

DOI: 10.18287/JBPE18.04.030303

Abstract

Two-channel laser tweezers are used to measure the interaction kinetics of two erythrocytes at the initial stage of aggregation, i.e., the formation of a pair aggregate in vitro. The study of erythrocytes interaction is important both for understanding the fundamental aggregation mechanisms and for evaluating the differences in kinetics and dynamics of aggregation, depending on the presence or absence of diseases that disturb the blood flow parameters and, therefore, the oxygen supply to tissues. We analyse the kinetics and dynamics of pair aggregation of erythrocytes in blood samples from more than 60 patients with arterial hypertension, as well as from a group of healthy donors. The results show that both kinetics and dynamics of erythrocyte aggregation are changed in the presence of the considered pathology.

Keywords

aggregation; arterial hypertension; optical trap; manipulation of single cells; aggregation force; erythrocytes

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References


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