Prospects of terahertz technology in diagnosis of human brain tumors – A review

Guzel R. Musina
Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Pavel V. Nikitin
Burdenko Neurosurgery Institute, Moscow, Russia

Nikita V. Chernomyrdin orcid (Login required)
Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Irina N. Dolganova
Institute of Solid State Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russia
Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia

Arsenii A. Gavdush
Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Gennadiy A. Komandin
Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Dmitry S. Ponomarev
V.G. Mokerov Institute of Ultra High Frequency Semiconductor Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Alexander A. Potapov
Burdenko Neurosurgery Institute, Moscow, Russia

Igor V. Reshetov
Institute for Cluster Oncology, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia

Valery V. Tuchin
Saratov State University, Russia
Institute of Precision Mechanics and Control of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia

Kirill I. Zaytsev
Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Russia


Paper #3375 received 3 Jun 2020; accepted for publication 18 Jun 2020; published online 28 Jun 2020.

DOI: 10.18287/JBPE20.06.020201

Abstract

Terahertz (THz) waves feature high sensitivity to the content and state of water in biological tissues. Therefore, during the past decades, THz technology has attracted significant attention in biophotonics, including diagnosis of malignant and benign neoplasms with different nosologies and localizations. The pathophysiological features of malignant tumors of the central nervous system determine appearance of several morphological phenomena, such as increased vascularity, edema, necrosis. These phenomena cause water content increase in the studied tissues and, thus, open new ways for the THz technology applications in the intraoperative neurodiagnosis, including delineation of tumor margins. This research area is rather novel and, despite the small amount of accumulated research material, is undoubtedly extremely promising for creation of new diagnostic approaches. In this review, available results in the considered exciting branch of THz technology are summarized, and potential projections of this topic into the future are constructed.

Keywords

terahertz radiation; terahertz Biophotonics; terahertz spectroscopy; terahertz imaging; brain tumors; glioma; meningioma; neurodiagnostics; neurosurgery

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