Concentration Dependent Thermal Diffusivity of Mn3O4 Nanoparticles Using Dual Beam Thermal Lens Technique
Paper #7784 received 25 Feb 2023; revised manuscript received 15 Jul 2023; accepted for publication 17 Jul 2023; published online 28 Aug 2023.
Concentration dependent thermal diffusivity measurement of Mn3O4 nanoparticles dispersed in ethylene glycol has been studied using dual beam mode mismatched thermal lens technique. The results reveal that the thermal diffusivity of the nanofluid depends on the concentration of Mn3O4 nanoparticles. The thermal diffusivity values were found to be greater than that of ethylene glycol for all sample concentrations. The samples with this high value of thermal diffusivity can be used as coolant for thermoelectric devices. The non-radiative decay process induced by defect states in the material, size and shape of nanoparticles etc. are the factors that control the thermal diffusivity of the nanoparticles dispersed in a solvent. The variation in thermal diffusivity of the Mn3O4 nanofluid is explained on the basis of changes in absorption and emission spectra with sample concentration. It is found that thermal diffusivity is inversely related with the emission intensity.
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